Full-Size and Partially Truncated Cardiac Troponin Complexes in the Blood of Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction.
Authors of this article are:
Vylegzhanina AV, Kogan AE, Katrukha IA, Koshkina EV, Bereznikova AV, Filatov VL, Bloshchitsyna MN, Bogomolova AP, Katrukha AG.
A summary of the article is shown below:
BACKGROUND: The measurement of cardiac isoforms of troponin I (cTnI) and troponin T (cTnT) is widely used for the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, there are conflicting data regarding what forms of cTnI and cTnT are present in the blood of AMI patients. We investigated cTnI and cTnT as components of troponin complexes in the blood of AMI patients.METHODS: Gel filtration techniques, sandwich fluoroimmunoassays, and Western blotting were used.RESULTS: Plasma samples from patients with AMI contained the following troponin complexes: (a) a cTnI-cTnT-TnC complex (ITC) composed of full-size cTnT of 37 kDa or its 29-kDa fragment and full-size cTnI of 29 kDa or its 27-kDa fragments; (b) ITC with lower molecular weight (LMW-ITC) in which cTnT was truncated to the 14-kDa C-terminal fragments; and (c) a binary cTnI-cTnC complex composed of truncated cTnI of approximately 14 kDa. During the progression of the disease, the amount of ITC in AMI samples decreased, whereas the amounts of LMW-ITC and short 16- to 20-kDa cTnT central fragments increased. Almost all full-size cTnT and a 29-kDa cTnT fragment in AMI plasma samples were the components of ITC. No free full-size cTnT was found in AMI plasma samples. Only 16- to 27-kDa central fragments of cTnT were present in a free form in patient blood.CONCLUSIONS: A ternary troponin complex exists in 2 forms in the blood of patients with AMI: full-size ITC and LMW-ITC. The binary cTnI-cTnC complex and free cTnT fragments are also present in patient blood.© 2019 American Association for Clinical Chemistry.
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