The association between activated protein C ratio and Factor V Leiden are gender-dependent.
Authors of this article are:
Hansen RS, Nybo M.
A summary of the article is shown below:
Background The most common cause of activated protein C (aPC) resistance is a missense substitution (Arg506Gln), known as Factor V Leiden (FVL). Due to its low cost, many laboratories use the aPC ratio as a primary test with a unisex cut-off. However, the association between the aPC ratio and FVL including any relation to gender has been sparsely investigated. Methods Results of the aPC ratio and FVL analyses from 1081 patients referred to the Thrombophilia Clinic at Odense University Hospital were compared. Results In 153 FVL positive patients, the mean aPC ratio was 2.1 ± 0.3, which differed from 2.7 ± 0.4 in FVL negative individuals (p < 0.01). The receiver operating characteristics (ROC), with area under the curve (AUC) of 0.93, indicated the optimal aPC cut-off at 2.3-2.4, with sensitivity 89%-94%, specificity 71%-84%, positive predictive value 35%-48% and negative predictive value 98%-99%. In FVL positive females, the mean aPC ratio was 2.0 ± 0.3, which differed from males (2.1 ± 0.3, p < 0.05). In FVL negative females, the mean aPC ratio was 2.6 ± 0.4, also different from males (2.8 ± 0.5, p < 0.01). Of note, 35% of FVL negative females had an aPC ratio ≤2.4 against 18% in males (p < 0.01). Conclusions Our results indicate that the aPC ratio is lower in females than in males. Due to a high negative predictive value the aPC ratio can be used as a first line test for FVL, but those found positive must be confirmed with a DNA test.
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