MicroRNA Expression Profiles in External Cervical Resorption.

A new interesting article has been published in J Endod. 2019 Jul 24. pii: S0099-2399(19)30432-7. doi: 10.1016/j.joen.2019.06.001. and titled:

MicroRNA Expression Profiles in External Cervical Resorption.

Authors of this article are:

Pettiette MT, Zhang S, Moretti AJ, Kim SJ, Naqvi AR, Nares S.

A summary of the article is shown below:

INTRODUCTION: External cervical resorption (ECR) has been challenging for its diagnosis, prevention, and treatment. Its etiology and pathogenesis are largely unknown. This study characterized microRNA (miRNA) expression patterns of human tissues from ECR lesions and identified potential messenger RNA targets and pathways.METHODS: Granulomatous tissues from ECR (n = 5) and their adjacent nonaffected asymptomatic gingival connective tissues (n = 5) were collected. Similarly, chronic periodontitis (CP) and control samples were collected (n = 3). Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction array analysis compared the expression profiles of 88 miRNAs between diseases. Differentially expressed miRNAs were identified using the Student t test. Bioinformatics for messenger RNA (miRWalk) and KEGG pathway analyses were performed to identify predicted target genes and biological/cellular functions and signaling pathways.RESULTS: Three miRNAs (miR-20a-5p, miR-210-3p, and miR-99a-4p) were significantly down-regulated and 1 miRNA (miR-122-5p) was significantly up-regulated in ECR (P < .05). One up-regulated and 1 down-regulated miRNA reached the significance threshold in CP. A comparison of miRNA expression in ECR and CP identified 3 differentially expressed miRNAs, indicating differences in disease pathobiology. Inflammation-associated Wnt, PI3K-Akt, mitogen-activated protein kinases signaling, and bone formation-associated transforming growth factor beta pathways were identified and predicted to be modulated by differentially expressed miRNAs in both ECR and CP. Biological processes unique to each disease entity were identified, such as T- and B-cell receptor signaling pathways, osteoclast differentiation, and extracellular matrix-receptor interaction for CP. Glycosaminoglycan biosynthesis, mineral absorption, and insulin signaling pathways for ECR were identified.CONCLUSIONS: This proof-of-principle in vivo study indicated that ECR has both common and unique miRNA expression profiles in comparison with CP, which are predicted to target genes regulating inflammation, immunity, and metabolism of mineralized tissues.Copyright © 2019 American Association of Endodontists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Chronic periodontitis;external cervical resorption;inflammation;microRNA.

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