Genetic and Oral Tests for the Diagnosis of Lactose Intolerance in Mixed-Ancestry Brazilians with Metabolic Syndrome.

A new interesting article has been published in Lifestyle Genom. 2019 Jul 26:1-9. doi: 10.1159/000501690. and titled:

Genetic and Oral Tests for the Diagnosis of Lactose Intolerance in Mixed-Ancestry Brazilians with Metabolic Syndrome.

Authors of this article are:

Araujo EM, Dos Santos L, Coutinho R, Assis V, Brandão N, Almeida D, Conceição G, Figueredo C, Fonseca H, Lima ML, Lemaire D, Rios D.

A summary of the article is shown below:

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) comprises a cluster of physiological and anthropometric abnormalities. MetS has been linked to lactose intolerance (LI). The aim of this study was to compare the sensitivity and specificity to detect LI using 2 different tests: (1) a genetic test and (2) an oral lactose tolerance test (OLTT).METHODS: Two hundred and fifty-four MetS patients, ≥20 years of age, of both genders, were recruited for this comparative study. Nine single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were selected for genetic investigation: rs182549and rs4988235(both considered “gold standard”); rs56064699; rs148142676; rs562211644; rs59533246; rs3754689; rs2278544,and rs10552864(as potential novel SNPs). Sensitivity and specificity, as well as positive and negative predictive values, were calculated for each genotype using WINPEPI version 11.65. Differences between positive and negative OLTT groups were considered statistically significant when p ≤ 0.05.RESULTS: Among the selected SNPs, only rs182549(p < 0.001) and rs4988235(p < 0.001) gave similar results compared to an OLTT. The sensitivity of both SNPs to detect LI was 87 and 86%, and specificity was 83 and 82.5%, respectively.CONCLUSION: Genetic tests using rs182549and rs4988235SNPs showed high agreement with OLTT. These genetic tests may be a good option to replace OLTT in MetS patients.© 2019 S. Karger AG, Basel.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Lactase deficiency;Lactose intolerance;Metabolic syndrome;–13910C/T;–22018G/A.

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