Effects of Tobacco Smoking Status on Verbal Learning and Memory in Patients With Schizophrenia and Non-Psychiatric Controls.

A new interesting article has been published in Am J Addict. 2019 Jul 10. doi: 10.1111/ajad.12903. and titled:

Effects of Tobacco Smoking Status on Verbal Learning and Memory in Patients With Schizophrenia and Non-Psychiatric Controls.

Authors of this article are:

Kozak K, Lowe DJE, George TP,.

A summary of the article is shown below:

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients with schizophrenia have higher rates of tobacco smoking compared to the general population. Moreover, these patients have deficits in cognition, including verbal learning and memory. However, it is not clear whether smoking status alters verbal learning and memory in schizophrenia. We examined the effects of smoking abstinence and reinstatement on verbal learning and memory in people with schizophrenia and nonpsychiatric controls and other cognitive domains as exploratory.METHODS: Smoking participants (N = 28; 14 schizophrenia smokers; 14 nonpsychiatric smokers) were studied under smoking satiated, overnight abstinence and smoking reinstatement conditions. Nonsmokers ( n = 30; 15 schizophrenia nonsmokers; 15 nonpsychiatric nonsmokers) were also studied. A comprehensive cognitive battery was administered including verbal learning and memory using the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised (HVLT-R).RESULTS: A 2 (diagnosis) × 2 (smoking status) repeated measures analysis of variance with time (session) as the within-subjects factor and diagnosis and smoking status as the between-subject factors was performed for HVLT-R and other cognitive outcomes. Smoking abstinence produced a decline in verbal memory of the HVLT discrimination index in smokers with schizophrenia that was partially revised by reinstatement, although trends for other HVLT measures were not statistically significant.CONCLUSIONS AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Acute cigarette smoking and abstinence may selectively alter verbal learning and memory deficits in smokers with schizophrenia compared to nonpsychiatric smoking controls and nonsmokers, but additional studies are needed to confirm the preliminary findings in this small sample. (Am J Addict 2019;00:1-9).Copyright © 2019 American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry.

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