Common Type 2 Diabetes Genetic Risk Variants Improve the Prediction of Gestational Diabetes.

A new interesting article has been published in Horm Metab Res. 2019 Jul 12. doi: 10.1055/a-0945-0328. and titled:

Common Type 2 Diabetes Genetic Risk Variants Improve the Prediction of Gestational Diabetes.

Authors of this article are:

Dziedziejko V, Safranow K, Tarnowski M, Pawlik A.

A summary of the article is shown below:

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a carbohydrate intolerance that occurs in women during pregnancy. The aims of this study were to develop a model to predict the risk of GDM development using common clinical parameters and selected genetic polymorphisms and to analyse the performance of the model using receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves. ROC analysis was used to examine whether the evaluation of genetic polymorphisms may enhance the accuracy of GDM prediction in comparison to using common clinical risk factors only. This study included 204 pregnant women with GDM and 207 pregnant women with normal glucose tolerance. The diagnosis of GDM was based on a 75 g oral glucose tolerance test at 24-28 weeks gestation. The difference between the AUC of ROC curves for the model 1 including only age and BMI and the model 2 also including 8 genetic polymorphisms was highly significant (p=0.0001) in favour of model 2 (0.090±0.023). Moreover, the additional use of 8 genetic polymorphisms may increase both the sensitivity and specificity of GDM prediction by 10%. The results of this study indicate that the use of 8 genetic polymorphisms associated with carbohydrate and lipid metabolism and type 2 diabetes [PTGS2 (COX2) rs6681231, FADS1 rs174550, HNF1B rs4430796, ADIPOQ rs266729, IL18 rs187238, CCL2 rs1024611, HHEX rs5015480 and CDKN2A/2B rs10811661] together with clinical risk factors (BMI and age) may significantly improve the prediction of GDM.© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

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