The compliance and cost-effectiveness of smartphone urinalysis albumin screening for people with diabetes in England.
Authors of this article are:
Shore J JS, Green M MG, Hardy A AH, Livesey D DL.
A summary of the article is shown below:
BACKGROUND: People with diabetes are at increased risk of developing chronic kidney disease (CKD) and should undergo annual screening, but adherence is poor. A home urinalysis self-test has been developed to improve compliance with screening. The objective of this paper is to report on a clinical evaluation and economic analysis of home urinalysis self-testing.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: People with diabetes who had not undergone screening within the previous 18 months were recruited to a single-arm clinical evaluation to assess the uptake and compliance of home urinalysis self-testing. An economic evaluation assessed the likely cost-consequences of the use of home urinalysis self-testing over a lifetime time horizon.RESULTS: A total of 2,196 people with diabetes were contacted as part of the clinical evaluation. Of these, 695 people agreed to be sent a home urinalysis self-testing kit and 499 people completed and returned the test. Cost savings of £2,008 per person were estimated over a lifetime due to increased CKD diagnosis and reduced progression to end stage renal disease.CONCLUSIONS: Home urinalysis self-testing of ACR in people with diabetes is estimated to be a cost-effective use of NHS resources in England in people who would otherwise not comply with standard care.
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