Detection of Neprilysin-Derived BNP Fragments in the Circulation: Possible Insights for Targeted Neprilysin Inhibition Therapy for Heart Failure.
Authors of this article are:
Feygina EE, Artemieva MM, Postnikov AB, Tamm NN, Bloshchitsyna MN, Medvedeva NA, Katrukha AG, Semenov AG.
A summary of the article is shown below:
BACKGROUND: Entresto™ is a new heart failure (HF) therapy that includes the neprilysin (NEP) inhibitor sacubitril. One of the NEP substrates is B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP); its augmentation by NEP inhibition is considered as a possible mechanism for the positive effects of Entresto. We hypothesized that the circulating products of BNP proteolysis by NEP might reflect NEP effect on the metabolism of active BNP. We suggest that NEP-based BNP cleavage at position 17-18 results in BNP ring opening and formation of a novel epitope with C-terminal Arg-17 (BNP-neo17 form). In this study, we use a specific immunoassay to explore BNP-neo17 in a rat model and HF patient plasma.METHODS: We injected BNP into rats, with or without NEP inhibition with sacubitril. BNP-neo17 in plasma samples at different time points was measured with a specific immunoassay with neglectable cross-reactivity to intact forms. BNP-neo17 and total BNP were measured in EDTA plasma samples of HF patients.RESULTS: BNP-neo17 generation in rat circulation was prevented by NEP inhibition. The maximum 13.2-fold difference in BNP-neo17 concentrations with and without sacubitril was observed at 2 min after injection. BNP-neo17 concentrations in 32 HF patient EDTA plasma samples ranged from 0 to 37 pg/mL (median, 5.4; interquartile range, 0-9.1). BNP-neo17/total BNP had no correlation with total BNP concentration (with r = -0.175, P = 0.680) and showed variability among individuals.CONCLUSIONS: BNP-neo17 formation is NEP dependent. Considering that BNP-neo17 is generated from the active form of BNP by NEP, we speculate that BNP-neo17 may reflect both the NEP activity and natriuretic potential and serve for HF therapy guidance.© 2019 American Association for Clinical Chemistry.
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