Validation Studies for Single Circulating Trophoblast Genetic Testing as a Form of Noninvasive Prenatal Diagnosis.

A new interesting article has been published in Am J Hum Genet. 2019 Dec 5; 105(6):1262-1273. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2019.11.004. Epub 2019 Nov 27. and titled:

Validation Studies for Single Circulating Trophoblast Genetic Testing as a Form of Noninvasive Prenatal Diagnosis.

Authors of this article are:

Vossaert L, Wang Q, Salman R, McCombs AK, Patel V, Qu C, Mancini MA, Edwards DP, Malovannaya A, Liu P, Shaw CA, Levy B, Wapner RJ, Bi W, Breman AM, Van den Veyver IB, Beaudet AL0.

A summary of the article is shown below:

It has long been appreciated that genetic analysis of fetal or trophoblast cells in maternal blood could revolutionize prenatal diagnosis. We implemented a protocol for single circulating trophoblast (SCT) testing using positive selection by magnetic-activated cell sorting and single-cell low-coverage whole-genome sequencing to detect fetal aneuploidies and copy-number variants (CNVs) at ∼1 Mb resolution. In 95 validation cases, we identified on average 0.20 putative trophoblasts/mL, of which 55% were of high quality and scorable for both aneuploidy and CNVs. We emphasize the importance of analyzing individual cells because some cells are apoptotic, in S-phase, or otherwise of poor quality. When two or more high-quality trophoblast cells were available for singleton pregnancies, there was complete concordance between all trophoblasts unless there was evidence of confined placental mosaicism. SCT results were highly concordant with available clinical data from chorionic villus sampling (CVS) or amniocentesis procedures. Although determining the exact sensitivity and specificity will require more data, this study further supports the potential for SCT testing to become a diagnostic prenatal test.Copyright © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Check out the article’s website on Pubmed for more information:

This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: cell-based NIPT; fetal; mosaisicm; noninvasive prenatal diagnosis; single cell analysis; trophoblast.

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