Black Women’s Confidence in the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act.

A new interesting article has been published in Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Dec 14; 16(24). pii: E5112. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16245112. and titled:

Black Women’s Confidence in the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act.

Authors of this article are:

Sutton AL, Henderson A, Hurtado-de-Mendoza A, Tanner E, Khan M, Quillin J, Sheppard VB.

A summary of the article is shown below:

Black women at-risk for hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) continue to underutilize genetic counseling and testing (GCT). One reason for this disparity is a fear of discrimination from insurance companies if identified as high-risk. The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA) was enacted to protect against this type of discrimination; however, Black women’s levels of confidence in this law are unknown. In this descriptive study, we sought to (1) assess Black women’s confidence in the GINA law and (2) identify multilevel factors related to their confidence in GINA. Ninety-four Black women at-risk of HBOC completed surveys that assessed intrapersonal, interpersonal, and structural factors. Multiple regression analysis determined factors associated with confidence in GINA. Most women were ≤50 years of age (66.0%) and about half never had a cancer diagnosis (51.1%). Confidence in GINA was moderate (mean = 10.67; standard deviation = 2.54; range = 5-15). Women who valued GCT reported more confidence in GINA (β = 0.345; CI 0.017 to 0.673; p = 0.040). Lack of confidence in GINA may serve as a barrier to seeking GCT. Efforts to increase the perceived value of GCT among Black women could be benefited by increasing awareness of national efforts towards privacy protections of genetic information.

Check out the article’s website on Pubmed for more information:



This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act; black women; genetic counseling and testing; hereditary breast and ovarian cancer.


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