Prognostic significance of MGMT methylation and expression of MGMT, P53, EGFR, MDM2 and PTEN in glioblastoma multiforme.

A new interesting article has been published in Ann Biol Clin (Paris). 2019 May 24. doi: 10.1684/abc.2019.1448. and titled:

Prognostic significance of MGMT methylation and expression of MGMT, P53, EGFR, MDM2 and PTEN in glioblastoma multiforme.

Authors of this article are:

Limam S, Missaoui N, Abdessayed N, Mestiri S, Selmi B, Mokni M, Yacoubi MT.

A summary of the article is shown below:

The study investigated the pattern of MGMT promoter methylation and the expression of MGMT, P53, EGFR, MDM2 and PTEN proteins in glioblastomas multiforme (GBM) and evaluated their prognostic significance. We carried out a retrospective study of 80 GBM. Expression of MGMT as well as of P53, EGFR, MDM2 and PTEN was investigated by immunohistochemistry. MGMT promoter methylation was investigated by methylation specific-PCR of bisulfite-treated DNA. Twenty-five GBM exhibited MGMT expression. Methylation of MGMT promoter was detected in 35.1% of cases. No significant concordance was reported between MGMT promoter methylation and protein expression (κ=-0.047, p=0.11). MGMT promoter methylation was significantly associated only with PTEN expression (p=0.001): no other significant association was identified with clinical parameters as well as with expression of P53, EGFR and MDM2 (p >0.05). Tumor recurrence was significantly associated with unmethylated MGMT promoter (p=0.01) but not with MGMT expression (p=0.51). Recurrence-free survival (RFS) was significantly better among patients with methylated MGMT promoter (log rank, p <0.0001) and PTEN expression (log rank, p=0.025) but not with MGMT expression (log rank, p=0.308). As well, using univariate analysis, MGMT promoter methylation (p=0.001) and PTEN expression (p=0.044) were significantly associated with RFS. In multivariate analysis, only MGMT promoter methylation was significantly associated with RFS (p=0.003). Together, our findings support that MGMT protein expression doesn't reflect the MGMT promoter methylation status. Furthermore, MGMT promoter methylation remains a useful prognostic marker in Tunisian patients with GBM. PTEN expression could be a potential prognostic marker of this tumor.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: MGMT promoter methylation; PTEN expression; glioblastomas multiforme; immunohistochemistry; prognosis.