Aryl hydrocarbon receptor signaling, toxicity, and gene expression responses to mono-methylchrysenes.
Authors of this article are:
Alqassim AY, Wilson MJ, Wickliffe JK, Pangeni D, Overton EB, Miller CA rd.
A summary of the article is shown below:
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) comprise a large family of toxic compounds that come from natural and anthropogenic sources. Chrysene is a PAH with multiple effects, but the toxic potentials of mono-methylchrysenes are less characterized. A comparison of chrysene and six mono-methylchrysenes was performed using assays for cytotoxicity, human aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) reporter gene signaling, and AhR-regulated target gene and protein expression. Sulforhodamine B and trypan blue dye binding assays revealed these chrysenes to be similar in their cytotoxic effects on HepG2 cells. A yeast-based reporter assay detecting human AhR-mediated gene expression identified 4-methylchrysene as being six times more potent and 5-methylchrysene about one-third as potent as chrysene. Other methylchrysenes were more similar to chrysene in the ability to act as AhR ligands. The mono-methylchrysenes all strongly induced CYP1A1 mRNA and protein and moderately induced CYP1B1 expression in HepG2 cells. Levels of CYP1A2 mRNA were induced at higher concentrations of the chrysenes, but protein expression was not significantly altered. The PCR-based gene expression and immunoblotting analyses indicated induced expression differences across the chrysene members were similar to each other. Overall, the effects of methylated chrysenes were comparable to unsubstituted chrysene, suggesting members of this group may be considered approximately equivalent in their effects.© 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Check out the article’s website on Pubmed for more information:
This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: aryl hydrocarbon receptor; chrysene; cytotoxicity; gene expression; methylchrysene.