5-ALA/SFC attenuated binge alcohol-induced gut leakiness and inflammatory liver disease in HIV transgenic rats.

A new interesting article has been published in Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2019 May 29. doi: 10.1111/acer.14117. and titled:

5-ALA/SFC attenuated binge alcohol-induced gut leakiness and inflammatory liver disease in HIV transgenic rats.

Authors of this article are:

Liu C, Zhu P, Fujino M, Zhu S, Ito H, Takahashi K, Nakajima M, Tanaka T, Zhuang J, Li XK.

A summary of the article is shown below:

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the protective effect of 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) and sodium ferrous citrate (SFC) against binge alcohol-induced gut leakiness and inflammatory liver disease in HIV transgenic (TG) rats.MATERIALS & METHODS: TG rats were treated with three consecutive doses of binge ethanol with or without 5-ALA/SFC. Blood and liver tissue samples were collected at 6 hours following the last dose of ethanol.RESULTS: Compared to the wild-type (WT) rats, the TG rats showed increased sensitivity to alcohol-mediated inflammation, as evidenced by the significantly elevated levels of serum endotoxin, AST, ALT, ED1, and ED2 staining in liver. In contrast, 5-ALA/SFC improved the above biochemical and histochemical profiles. 5-ALA/SFC also attenuated the up-regulated mRNA expression of leptin and CCL2. Furthermore, down-regulated intestinal ZO-1 protein expression was also inhibited by 5-ALA/SFC. Moreover, the expressions of HO-1, HO-2, Sirt1, and related signal-transduction molecules in liver were increased by 5-ALA/SFC. These results demonstrated that 5-ALA/SFC treatment ameliorated binge alcohol exposure liver injury in a rat model of HIV-infected patients by reducing macrophage activation and expression of inflammatory cytokines/chemokines, and by inducing HO-1, HO-2, and Sirt1 expression.CONCLUSION: Taken together, these findings suggested that treatment with 5-ALA/SFC has a potential therapeutic effect for binge alcohol exposure liver injury in HIV patients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: 5-aminolevulinic acid; binge alcohol exposure liver injury; heme oxygenase-1; inflammation; macrophages.