Assessment of cutaneous microcirculation by laser Doppler flowmetry in type 1 diabetes.

A new interesting article has been published in Microvasc Res. 2019 Jul;124:91-96. doi: 10.1016/j.mvr.2019.04.002. Epub 2019 Apr 6. Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov’t and titled:

Assessment of cutaneous microcirculation by laser Doppler flowmetry in type 1 diabetes.

Authors of this article are:

Sorelli M, Francia P, Bocchi L, De Bellis A, Anichini R.

A summary of the article is shown below:

BACKGROUND: The burden of type 1 diabetes (T1D) is growing worldwide, stressing the requirement to limit the threat of its long-term complications. In this regard, the development of methods for the early diagnosis and non-invasive monitoring of vascular abnormalities is widely recognized as one of the greatest priorities of the clinical research in this field.OBJECTIVE: To assess the deterioration of physiological properties extracted from laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) signals of microvascular perfusion and, secondly, to investigate their association with the quality of long-term metabolic control.METHODS: Microvascular perfusion was recorded at the hallux of 63 control subjects and 47 T1D patients, whose glycaemic control was characterized in terms of the annual average levels of glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c). Pulse Decomposition Analysis was applied to the LDF data, in order to derive non-invasive markers of vascular stiffness based on a multi-Gaussian representation of the peripheral pulse waveforms; furthermore, wavelet transform analysis was used to evaluate the microvascular myogenic vasomotion and, finally, a physiological model of the reactive hyperaemia to a local thermal stimulus at 43 was used to test the integrity of the neurovascular pathways.RESULTS: Compared to the control group, T1D patients showed a lower microvascular perfusion at baseline, and a larger vasodilatory reserve upon local heating, but no significant difference in myogenic activity. Moreover, the results of the PDA carried out on the LDF pulse waves, indicate the presence of a significant strong relation between large artery stiffness and the overall loss of glycaemic control over the past year.Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Inc.

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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Adult;Biomarkers;Blood Glucose;Case-Control Studies;Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1;Female;Foot;Glycated Hemoglobin A;Humans;Hypoglycemic Agents;Male;Predictive Value of Tests;Pulse Wave Analysis;Regional Blood Flow;Skin;Time Factors;Vascular Stiffness;Vasodilation;Wavelet Analysis.