Agitated saline bubble-enhanced ultrasound for the positioning of cuffed, tunneled dialysis catheters in patients with end-stage renal disease.
Authors of this article are:
Passos RDH, Ribeiro M, da Conceição LFMR, Ramos JGR, Ribeiro JC, Batista PBP, Dutra MMD, Rouby JJ.
A summary of the article is shown below:
BACKGROUND: In patients with end-stage renal disease, the use of cuffed, tunneled dialysis catheters for hemodialysis has become integral to treatment plans. Fluoroscopy is a widely accepted method for the insertion and positioning of cuffed dialysis catheters, because it is easy to use, accurate and reliable, and has a relatively low incidence of complications. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the feasibility of tunneled hemodialysis catheter placement without the use of fluoroscopy but with a dynamic ultrasound-imaging-based guided technique.METHODS: From January 2015 to December 2017, we performed an observational prospective cohort study of 56 patients with end-stage renal disease who required tunneled dialysis catheter placement.RESULTS: The overall success rate for ultrasound-guided central access was 100%, with a mean number of 1.16 (±0.4) attempts per patient. There were no incidences of guide wire coiling/kinking, carotid puncture, pneumothorax, or catheter malfunction. Catheter flow during dialysis was 286 (±38) mL/min. The total number of catheter days was 7451, with a mean of 133 days and a range of 46-322 days. Life table analysis revealed primary patency rates of 100%, 96%, and 53% at 30, 60, and 120 days, respectively.CONCLUSION: Dynamic ultrasound-based visualization of microbubbles in the right atrium is a highly accurate method to detect percutaneous implantation of large-lumen, tunneled, central venous catheters without the need for fluoroscopic guidance technology. Future research should further develop and confirm these initial findings.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Aged;Catheterization, Central Venous;Contrast Media;Equipment Design;Feasibility Studies;Female;Humans;Kidney Failure, Chronic;Male;Middle Aged;Prospective Studies;Saline Solution;Treatment Outcome;Ultrasonography, Interventional.