A Custom-Designed Recombinant Multiepitope Protein for Human Cytomegalovirus Diagnosis.

A new interesting article has been published in Recent Pat Biotechnol. 2019 Jul 15. doi: 10.2174/1872208313666190716093911. and titled:

A Custom-Designed Recombinant Multiepitope Protein for Human Cytomegalovirus Diagnosis.

Authors of this article are:

Ribeiro P, Souza M, Dias D, Álvares A, Nogueira L, Machado J, Godoi R, Nobrega Y, Campos-da-Paz M, Freitas S, Felipe MS, Torres F, Galdino A.

A summary of the article is shown below:

BACKGROUND: The Human Cytomegalovirus (HCMV) has infected more than 90% of the world population and its prevalence can be related to the individuals’ geographical and social economic status. Serological tests based on ELISA are pivotal for HCMV diagnosis. Due to the lack of standardization in the production/purification of antigens from viral preparations, ELISA tests are based on several recombinant proteins or peptides. As an alternative, multiepitope proteins may be employed.OBJECTIVE: In this work we developed a recombinant multiepitope protein (rMEHCMV) for HCMV diagnosis based on conserved and immunodominant epitopes derived from tegument (pp150, pp65 and pp28), glycoprotein gB (pp38) and DNA polymerase subunit (pp52) of HCMV.METHODS: The rMEHCMV gene was synthesized de novo and overexpressed in Escherichia coli cells. The recombinant protein was purified to homogeneity using a Ni-NTA column. Biophysical analysis of recombinant protein was performed by circular dichroism. A preliminary biological activity test was performed using 12 positive human sera samples by using an in-house IgG ELISA. The following patents database were consulted: Espacenet, Google Patents and the National Institute of Intellectual Property (INPI, Brazil).RESULTS: The recombinant multiepitope protein was successfully expressed in E. coli. The structural data obtained by circular dichroism spectroscopy showed that rMEHCMV is structurally disordered. An in-house IgG ELISA test with rMEHCMV was successfully used to recognized IgG from human serum samples.CONCLUSION: Together, our results show that rMEHCMV should be considered as a potential antigenic target for HCMV diagnosis.Copyright© Bentham Science Publishers; For any queries, please email at epub@benthamscience.net.

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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Human cytomegalovirus;diagnosis;diagnostic test;enzyme immunoassay;multiepitope protein;recombinant.