Aflatoxin B1 induces S phase arrest by upregulating the expression of p21 via MYC, PLK1 and PLD1.
Authors of this article are:
Huang B, Mu P, Chen X, Tang S, Ye W, Zhu W, Deng Y.
A summary of the article is shown below:
Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), a member of the aflatoxin family, is a common contaminant in foods and feeds, and AFB1 exposure is associated with various clinical conditions. Thus far, research on the toxicity of AFB1 has mainly focused on its induction of liver cancer, but little research has been reported on renal toxicity, especially with regards to the underlying molecular mechanisms. In this study, we found that AFB1 treatment significantly induced kidney damage and reduced kidney weight. The human kidney cell line HEK293T was used to further study the molecular mechanism of the toxicity of AFB1 to kidney cells. We found that AFB1 significantly and dose-dependently induced S phase arrest and upregulated p21 mRNA and protein expression. Upstream of p21, three negative regulators, PLK1, MYC, and PLD1, were significantly downregulated under AFB1 treatment. Consistently, p21 was upregulated, and PLK1, MYC and PLD1 were downregulated in mouse kidney after AFB1 treatment. Interestingly, AFB1 also decreased the physical interaction between PLK1 and MYC and weakened the stability of the MYC protein. Importantly, overexpression of PLK1, MYC and PLD1 significantly blocked the upregulation of p21 and attenuated the S phase arrest caused by AFB1. In summary, AFB1 markedly induces kidney damage and strongly induces S phase arrest by upregulating the expression of p21 via PLK1, PLD1 and MYC, which represents a noval mechanism of the renal toxicity of AFB1.Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Aflatoxin B(1); Kidney damage; S phase arrest; p21.