c-Myc induced the regulation of long non-coding RNA RHPN1-AS1 on breast cancer cell proliferation via inhibiting P53.
Authors of this article are:
Zhu P, Li Y, Li P, Zhang Y, Wang X.
A summary of the article is shown below:
The global burden of breast cancer has been increasing, the mechanism of which is related to multifactorial accumulation of gene mutations. Dysregulation of long noncoding RNA (LncRNA) has been linked to multiple kinds of tumorigenesis. We aimed to identify functionally relevant targets of RHPN1 Antisense RNA 1 (RHPN1-AS1) in breast cancer using breast cancer cell line-based model. Quantitative RT-PCR revealed higher expression levels of RHPN1-AS1 in human breast cancer tissues and cell line MCF-7. RHPN1-AS1 was also located in MCF-7 cells by fluorescence in situ hybridization and western blot assays. Knockdown of RHPN1-AS1 delivered by lentivirus system inhibited MCF-7 cell proliferation indicated by the cell proliferation and colony formation assays, and the knockdown of RHPN1-AS1 enhanced P53 protein expression in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells. In addition, luciferase reporter assay validated that RHPN1-AS1 is a molecular sponge of miR-4261, and direct transcriptional target of c-Myc. RHPN1-AS1 exerts tumorigenesis by regulating P53 expression via MDM2 gene. These findings provide insights into the role and mechanism of action of lncRNA RHPN-AS1 in breast cancer.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Breast cancer; Long noncoding RNA; MDM2; P53; RHPN1-AS1.