Inhibiting casein kinase 2 overcomes paclitaxel resistance in gastric cancer.
Authors of this article are:
Jung M, Park KH, Kim HM, Kim TS, Zhang X, Park SM, Beom SH, Kim HS, Cheong JH, Chung HC, Soong J, Lin SC, Rha SY.
A summary of the article is shown below:
PURPOSE: Casein kinase (CK) 2 activation has been implicated in the proliferation of various tumor types and resistance to chemotherapy. We investigated the mechanistic basis for the association between CK2 activation and paclitaxel resistance in a gastric cancer (GC).EXPERIMENTAL: DESIGN: CK2 expression was evaluated in 59 advanced GC patients treated with paclitaxel as the second-line therapy. The efficacy of a CK2 inhibitor, CX-4945, and paclitaxel was evaluated in GC cell lines and a xenograft model. Results Patients with high CK2 expression (29/59, 39%) showed lower disease control rates (47.7% vs. 72.3%, p = 0.017) and shorter progression-free survival (2.8 vs. 4.8 months, p = 0.009) than patients with low CK2 expression. CK2 protein expression was associated with sensitivity to paclitaxel in 49 GC cell lines. Combination therapy with CX-4945 and paclitaxel exerted synergistic antiproliferative effects and inhibited the downregulation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/AKT signaling in SNU-1 cells. In the SNU-1 xenograft model, the combination treatment was significantly superior to either single agent, suppressing tumor growth without notable toxicities. Conclusions These results demonstrated that CK2 activation was related to paclitaxel resistance and that CX-4945 in combination with paclitaxel could be used as a potential treatment for paclitaxel resistance in GC.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Casein kinase 2; Drug resistance; Gastric cancer; Paclitaxel.