Quantitative proteomics analysis provides insight into the biological role of Hsp90 in BmNPV infection in Bombyx mori.
Authors of this article are:
Wu P, Shang Q, Huang H, Zhang S, Zhong J, Hou Q, Guo X.
A summary of the article is shown below:
Heat shock protein 90, an essential chaperone responsible for the correct maturation of key proteins, has been confirmed to facilitate Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) proliferation but the mechanism is not clear. In this study, we use quantitative proteomics analysis to investigate the mechanism of Hsp90 in BmNPV replication. In total, 195 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were identified with 136 up-regulated proteins and 59 down-regulated proteins. The protein expression level of small heat shock proteins, immune-related proteins, cellular DNA repair-related proteins and zinc finger proteins is significantly enhanced while that of protein kinases is declined. KEGG pathway analysis reveals that DEPs are involved in longevity regulating pathway, mTOR signaling pathway, FoxO signaling pathway and Toll and Imd signaling pathway. Based on the DEPs results, we speculate that inhibition of Hsp90 suppresses the BmNPV infection may because it could not only stimulate the host innate immune, induce small heat shock proteins expression to maintain the cellular proteostasis but activate host transcription factors to bind to virus DNA or protein and subsequently hinder virus replication. The results will help understand the roles of Hsp90 in BmNPV infection and shed light on new clue to illustrate the molecular mechanism of silkworm-virus interaction. SIGNIFICANCE: This is the first report on Hsp90 roles in BmNPV infection based on proteomic analysis. Our findings may provide new clue and research orientation to illustrate the molecular mechanism of silkworm-virus interaction and a set of BmHsp90 candidate clients, which may involve in BmNPV infection in BmN cells.Copyright © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: BmNPV; Differentially expressed proteins; Host-pathogen interaction; Hsp90 inhibitior; Quantitative proteomics analysis; Silkworm.