Ionizing Radiation-inducible microRNA-21 Induces Angiogenesis by Directly Targeting PTEN

A new interesting article has been published in Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2019 May 25;20(5):1587-1593. and titled:

Ionizing Radiation-inducible microRNA-21 Induces Angiogenesis by Directly Targeting PTEN

Authors of this article are:

Zhang Y, Chen Z, Feng L, Jiang P, Li X, Wang X.

A summary of the article is shown below:

BACKGROUND: Previous experimental studies have established that MicroRNAs (miRNAs) can function as oncogenes or tumor suppressors in the regulation of tumor biology or pathology. However, the effects of ionizing radiation (IR) on the expression levels of cellular miRNAs and their further effects on the biological behavior of tumor cells require further investigation.METHODS: We determined the proliferation, migration and tube formation of HUVEC cells after ionizing radiation (control, 0h and 24h), and the changes of miR-21, VEFG and HIF-1α levels after ionizing radiation were measured by Western blot (WB). The effects of miR-21 mimics and inhibitors on the protein and mRNA expression of PTEN were determined by RT-PCT and WB. Two independent luciferase reporter plasmids were constructed to detect changes in PTEN protein expression.RESULTS: We found that both IR and miR-21 increase proliferation, migration and tube formation of HUVEC cells. Ionizing radiation directly targets the inhibition of PTEN expression by causing an increase in miR-21 expression, and induces the accumulation of VEGF and HIF-1α expression in cells by the PI3K / AKT signaling pathway. Simultaneous induction of ectopic expression of PTEN can rescue radiation-induced proliferation, migration and tube formation in tumor cells.CONCLUSION: miR-21 promotes tumor cell proliferation and migration by targeting inhibition of PTEN expression, which may become a potential target for tumor therapy in the future.Creative Commons Attribution License

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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: MicroRNA 21; angiogenesis; PTEN; ionization; HIF-1α.