Targeted Quantitative Proteomics Revealed Arsenite-induced Proteasomal Degradation of RhoB in Fibroblast Cells.

A new interesting article has been published in Chem Res Toxicol. 2019 May 29. doi: 10.1021/acs.chemrestox.9b00155. and titled:

Targeted Quantitative Proteomics Revealed Arsenite-induced Proteasomal Degradation of RhoB in Fibroblast Cells.

Authors of this article are:

Tam LM, Huang M, Wang Y.

A summary of the article is shown below:

Arsenic is a toxicant widely present in the environment. Previous epidemiological and animal studies support that arsenic exposure is associated with elevated incidences of lung and skin cancers. Therefore, it is important to understand the molecular mechanisms through which arsenite initiates malignant transformation of lung and skin tissues. Ras superfamily of small GTPases assume crucial roles in many cellular processes including transcription, protein synthesis, and trafficking. In addition, small GTPase signaling is known to be altered in many types of cancer. By employing a multiple-reaction monitoring (MRM)-based targeted proteomic method, we found that the protein level of RhoB was substantially decreased in IMR90 human lung fibroblast cells upon a 12-h exposure to 5 μM NaAsO2. In addition, the protein level of ectopically expressed RhoB was found to decline in a dose-dependent manner upon arsenite exposure in HEK293T, HeLa and GM00637 cells, as well as that of endogenous RhoB protein in IMR90 cells. Moreover, the arsenite-elicited down-regulation of RhoB was found to arise from enhanced proteasomal degradation. Taken together, we demonstrated, for the first time, that exposure to arsenite could attenuate the protein expression of RhoB through proteasomal degradation.

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