Calcitonin measurement in pediatrics: reference ranges are gender-dependent, validation in medullary thyroid cancer and thyroid diseases.
Authors of this article are:
Eckelt F, Vogel M, Geserick M, Kirsten T, Bae YJ, Baber R, Schaab M, Thiery J, Pfaeffle R, Raue F, Kiess W, Kratzsch J.
A summary of the article is shown below:
BACKGROUND: There is only limited information on serum reference ranges of calcitonin (CT) in infants, children and adolescents. This gap hampers valid diagnostics in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN 2) and planned prophylactic thyroidectomy. In addition, age-dependent reference ranges for CT are necessary to define a cure in medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). We asked whether the reference ranges for CT levels were age- and gender-dependent in the serum of a pediatric cohort.METHODS: A total of 6090 serum samples of 2639 subjects of the LIFE-Child cohort aged between 1 month and 17.9 years were analyzed by the CT electrochemiluminescence immunoassay (ECLIA). Reference intervals were estimated using the LMS method. For clinical validation the serum of 28 patients (61 samples) with MEN 2 and 106 patients (136 samples) with thyroid diseases were analyzed.RESULTS: CT levels showed a clear age- and gender-dependence with significantly higher values in boys (p<0.01). An accelerated decline of CT levels from newborn to children at the age of 4 and 5 years was observed for both sexes. A cure for MTC was demonstrated in 71% of MEN 2 patients after thyroidectomy, whereas 5 patients remained suspicious for micrometastasis or relapse. Only 1.5% of our patients with thyroid diseases revealed increased CT levels.CONCLUSIONS: This is the largest study to establish novel pediatric reference ranges from the CT values of healthy subjects. It allows a precise laboratory monitoring of CT in pediatric patients with MEN 2. Thyroid diseases did not have a relevant influence on CT levels in our pediatric cohort.
Check out the article’s website on Pubmed for more information:
This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: calcitonin reference range;electrochemiluminescence immunoassay;medullary thyroid cancer;multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2;thyroid gland.