Associations Between Headache-Free Days and Patient-Reported Outcomes Among Migraine Patients: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of Survey Data in Europe.
Authors of this article are:
Doane MJ, Gupta S, Vo P, Laflamme AK, Fang J.
A summary of the article is shown below:
INTRODUCTION: Migraine imposes a substantial burden on patients, society, and healthcare systems. This study aimed to assess the associations between the number of headache-free days (HFDs) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL), work productivity and activity impairment (WPAI), and healthcare resource utilization (HRU) in patients with migraine in the EU5 (France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom).METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study collected survey responses from adults aged ≥ 18 years from the 2017 National Health and Wellness Survey (N = 62,000). Migraine patients with a physician’s diagnosis of migraine and who had experienced at least 4 monthly headache days in the prior month were included (N = 1569). Number of HFDs was compared with Short-Form 12-Item Survey Instrument, version 2 (SF-12v2) physical and mental component summary scores (PCS and MCS), Short-Form-6D (SF-6D) and EuroQoL-5D (EQ-5D) scores, WPAI, and HRU in migraine patients. Correlation analyses were conducted to test the bivariate associations, whereas generalized linear models were used for multivariable analyses.RESULTS: An increase of 1 HFD was associated with average increases of 0.171, 0.306, 0.003, and 0.008 points for MCS, PCS, SF-6D utility score, and EQ-5D index score, respectively (p < 0.001 for all). Extrapolating the results to a tenfold increase in monthly HFDs corresponded to clinically meaningful increases in PCS and EQ-5D scores. An increase of 1 HFD was associated with expected average decreases in absenteeism of 3.9% and presenteeism of 2.1%. Further, an increase of 1 HFD was associated with expected decreases in HCP visits and neurologist visits of 1.0% and 4.7%, respectively.CONCLUSION: An increase in the number of HFDs was associated with better health-related outcomes in patients suffering from migraine. Further, the results demonstrate a need for more effective treatments that can reduce migraine frequency and thus improve HRQoL, increase work productivity, and reduce both activity impairment and HRU.FUNDING: Novartis Pharma AG, Switzerland.
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