Adequacy of endosonography-derived samples from peribronchial or periesophageal intrapulmonary lesions for the molecular profiling of lung cancer.
Authors of this article are:
Livi V, Ardizzoni A, Cancellieri A, Natali F, Ferrari M, Paioli D, De Biase D, Capizzi E, Tallini G, Fiorentino M, Trisolini R.
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INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Endosonography is increasingly used for the diagnosis of centrally-located, bronchoscopically-invisible intrapulmonary lesions, but data regarding its utility for molecular profiling is lacking. We aimed to assess the suitability of endosonography samples obtained from intrapulmonary lesions for cancer genotyping and programmed-death ligand1 (PD-L1) testing.METHODS: A prospectively collected database regarding 99 consecutive patients undergoing endosonography for the diagnosis of an intrapulmonary lesion was retrospectively reviewed. Genotyping ± PD-L1 testing was carried out in the 53 patients with advanced lung cancer and was classified as complete if all clinically indicated tests could be performed, incomplete if at least one test could not be carried out, and unsuccessful if the sample was unsuitable for molecular analysis.RESULTS: All clinically indicated biomarkers could be tested in 44 (83%) patients, whereas the molecular profiling was classified as incomplete in 6 (11.3%), and unsuccessful in 3 (5.7%). Thirty-seven genetic alterations (KRAS mutation, 17; EGFR mutation, 17; ALK rearrangement, 3) and 2 cases of PD-L1 expression >50% were found in 31 (58%) patients. EGFR was successfully analyzed in 94.1% of cases, KRAS in 93.9%, ALK in 89%, ROS1 in 90%, and PD-L1 in 63.1%.CONCLUSION: Endosonography-derived samples from intrapulmonary lesions were suitable for a thorough molecular profiling in most patients. The few cases of incomplete accomplishment of the testing algorithm were related to the failure of PD-L1 analysis due to the exhaustion of the sample or the lack of sufficient tumor cells in the paraffin-embedded material. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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