Academic trajectories of very preterm born children at school age.
Authors of this article are:
Twilhaar ES, de Kieviet JF, van Elburg RM, Oosterlaan J.
A summary of the article is shown below:
OBJECTIVES: To characterise the developmental trajectories of arithmetic, reading comprehension and spelling abilities of very preterm and full-term born children during primary school.DESIGN: A longitudinal analysis of academic performance data of very preterm and full-term born children was performed. Academic performance was assessed in grade 1-6 of primary school using a pupil monitoring system, with 11 measurements of arithmetic and spelling performance and 7 measurements of reading comprehension. Data were analysed using mixed-effects models.PATIENTS: A Dutch cohort of 52 very preterm children born between 2001-2003 and 58 full-term controls participated.RESULTS: No group-by-time interactions were found for any of the academic domains, indicating no differences in progress between groups. Through the course of primary school, very preterm born children scored on average 0.53 SD lower on arithmetic (95% CI -0.71 to -0.35, p<0.001), 0.31 SD on reading comprehension (95% CI -0.48 to -0.14, p<0.001) and 0.21 SD on spelling (95% CI -0.37 to -0.05, p=0.01) compared with full-term peers.CONCLUSIONS: This is the first longitudinal study to show that the academic difficulties of very preterm born children persisted during primary school. Their progression was similar to full-term born peers, suggesting intact learning abilities. This provides opportunities for interventions to improve the academic outcomes of very preterm born children.© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.
Check out the article’s website on Pubmed for more information:
This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Academic Performance;Child;Cognition Disorders;Comprehension;Developmental Disabilities;Female;Humans;Infant, Newborn;Infant, Premature;Learning Disorders;Longitudinal Studies;Male;Reference Values;Risk Factors.