Influence of lysine residue in amphipathic helical peptides on targeted delivery of RNA into cancer cells.

A new interesting article has been published in Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2019 May 21. pii: S0960-894X(19)30341-5. doi: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2019.05.044. and titled:

Influence of lysine residue in amphipathic helical peptides on targeted delivery of RNA into cancer cells.

Authors of this article are:

Wada SI, Taniguchi K, Hamazaki H, Yamada A, Hayashi J, Uchiyama K, Urata H.

A summary of the article is shown below:

The cRGD-conjugated Aib-containing amphipathic helical peptide, MAP(Aib) derivative (PI), has been reported to be a useful carrier for siRNA delivery into cells. We have conducted a series of structure-activity relationship studies of the influence of the balance between hydrophobicity and basicity on the amphipathicity of PI, and synthesized peptides having a larger number of Lys residues than PI. Increasing the number of basic residues in the amphipathic helix suppressed the ability to deliver siRNA into cells. It was concluded that the balance between hydrophobicity and basicity in the PI helix was important for siRNA delivery into cells. Furthermore, the siRNA delivering ability of PI was specific to cancer cells, such as A549, U-87 MG, and WiDr cells, and was low in normal cells, namely, NIH3T3 cells. Next, we examined the potential of PI as a carrier for the delivery of microRNA-133b (miR-133b), which is known to be an anti-oncomiR. PI enhanced the delivery of miR-133b into WiDr cells, which resulted in the suppression of endogenous protein expression.Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Amphipathic helical peptide; Cell selectivity; Cell-penetrating peptide (CPP); RGD; microRNA; siRNA; α-Aminoisobutyric acid (Aib).