A Test of Sex Estimation in Subadults Using the Elevation of the Auricular Surface from Four Samples of Known Age and Sex.
Authors of this article are:
A summary of the article is shown below:
Biological sex is foundational to the work of forensic anthropologists and bioarcheologists. The lack of reliable biological sex estimation methods for subadults has, thus, greatly limited forensic and bioarcheological analyses. Auricular surface elevation showed promise as a subadult sex estimation method in previous studies. This study examined two auricular surface elevation evaluation methods on four subadult samples of known age, sex, and ancestry. Samples were scored as “male,” “female,” or “indeterminate” and results were examined with chi-square analysis. No consistent sex estimation pattern, accuracy, or predictive value was produced between samples. Only one test was significant using Fisher’s exact test analysis (FET = 7.501, p < 0.022): the composite approach on the Hamann-Todd sample. While age, sample size, or developmental factors may play a role in these results, clearly sample variation does as well. This study found auricular surface elevation was not a useful subadult sex estimation method.© 2019 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.
Check out the article’s website on Pubmed for more information:
This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Adolescent;Chi-Square Distribution;Child;Child, Preschool;Female;Forensic Anthropology;Humans;Ilium;Infant;Infant, Newborn;Male;Sex Determination by Skeleton;Surface Properties.