[Use of HPV virologic test for atypical glandular cells in Alsace between 2014 and 2016].

A new interesting article has been published in Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol. 2019 Jul 20. pii: S2468-7189(19)30221-1. doi: 10.1016/j.gofs.2019.07.005. English and titled:

[Use of HPV virologic test for atypical glandular cells in Alsace between 2014 and 2016].

Authors of this article are:

Goillot V, Paté M, Delaitre A, Akladios C, Baldauf JJ, Lecointre L.

A summary of the article is shown below:

OBJECTIVES: The new recommendations by the National Institute of Cancer (January 2017) recommend the use of a complementary human papillomavirus (HPV) virologic test during the diagnosis of atypical glandular cells in pap smear. The aim of this study was the performance analysis of the HPV virologic test for the detection of significant histological cervical abnormalities (CIN2 or more) in case of atypical glandular cells before the new recommendations were published.METHODS: We performed a descriptive and retrospective cohort study in Alsace between January 2014 and December 2016. We have included, from the EVE-association database, the patients with atypical glandular cells in pap smear.RESULTS: In total, 1074 patients had a pap smear with atypical glandular cells ; 0.18% of total pap smears. This study included 152 patients who had a HPV test. We observed 6 cases of CIN2 (3.9%) and 12 cases of CIN3 (7.9%). No in situ adenocarcinoma nor invasive carcinoma were detected. The sensitivity of the HPV test was 88.9% (95% CI: [0.65; 0.99]), the specificity was 65.9% (95% CI: [0.55; 0.76]), the positive predictive value was 34% (95% CI: [0.21; 0.49]) and the negative predictive value was 96.8% (95% CI: [0.89; 0.99]).CONCLUSION: The detection of HPV in atypical glandular cells seems to be powerful with an excellent negative predictive value but, because of moderate sensitivity and due to the risk of histologic lesion progression, the current recommendations should to be applied with care.Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Atypical glandular cells;Atypies glandulaires;Frottis cervico-utérin;HPV virologic test;Pap smear;Test virologique HPV.

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