Role of epicardial adipose tissue NPR-C in acute coronary syndrome.

A new interesting article has been published in Atherosclerosis. 2019 May 9;286:79-87. doi: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.05.010. and titled:

Role of epicardial adipose tissue NPR-C in acute coronary syndrome.

Authors of this article are:

Moreno-Santos I, Macías-González M, Porras-Martín C, Castellano-Castillo D, Sánchez-Espín G, Gómez-Doblas JJ, de Teresa-Galván E, Jiménez-Navarro M.

A summary of the article is shown below:

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: It has been suggested that epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) thermogenesis plays a role in coronary artery disease (CAD). Recent evidence indicates that natriuretic peptide receptors (NPRs) are critical for thermogenesis. We determined the expression and signaling of NPRs in EAT in the context of CAD progression and their association with brown fat-related genes, such as uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator alpha (PGC1α).METHODS: NPR-A, NPR-B and NPR-C mRNA and protein expression levels were analyzed in EAT and thoracic subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) from non-CAD (NCAD), stable CAD and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. The associations of NPRs with thermogenic genes were also evaluated.RESULTS: The EAT of ACS patients showed lower NPR-C gene and protein expression levels compared with that of stable CAD or NCAD patients. NPR-C mRNA expression in EAT also decreased as the number of injured arteries rose, and correlated positively with left ventricular ejection fraction and EAT PGC1α mRNA expression. EAT PGC1α and UCP1 gene expression levels also decreased in the ACS group. Linear and logistic regression models showed associations of EAT NPR-C mRNA levels with EAT PGC1α mRNA levels and the presence of ACS. Furthermore, the EAT of ACS patients showed reduced p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) phosphorylation levels, which correlated positively with NPR-C protein levels.CONCLUSIONS: The EAT of patients with ACS is characterized by decreased NPR-C, reduced UCP1 and PGC1α mRNA expression levels and reduced activation of the p38 MAPK pathway. The associations among the expression of EAT NPR-C and ACS, and brown fat markers suggest that NPR-C may play a role in ACS and in the regulation of EAT brown-like fat features in humans.Copyright © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Check out the article’s website on Pubmed for more information:

This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Acute coronary syndrome; Epicardial adipose tissue; Human; NPR-C; brown-like fat genes.

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