Optimizing the dynamics of protein expression.

A new interesting article has been published in Sci Rep. 2019 May 17;9(1):7511. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-43857-5. and titled:

Optimizing the dynamics of protein expression.

Authors of this article are:

Trösemeier JH,, Rudorf S, Loessner H, Hofner B, Reuter A, Schulenborg T, Koch I, Bekeredjian-Ding I, Lipowsky R, Kamp C.

A summary of the article is shown below:

Heterologously expressed genes require adaptation to the host organism to ensure adequate levels of protein synthesis, which is typically approached by replacing codons by the target organism’s preferred codons. In view of frequently encountered suboptimal outcomes we introduce the codon-specific elongation model (COSEM) as an alternative concept. COSEM simulates ribosome dynamics during mRNA translation and informs about protein synthesis rates per mRNA in an organism- and context-dependent way. Protein synthesis rates from COSEM are integrated with further relevant covariates such as translation accuracy into a protein expression score that we use for codon optimization. The scoring algorithm further enables fine-tuning of protein expression including deoptimization and is implemented in the software OCTOPOS. The protein expression score produces competitive predictions on proteomic data from prokaryotic, eukaryotic, and human expression systems. In addition, we optimized and tested heterologous expression of manA and ova genes in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. Superiority over standard methodology was demonstrated by a threefold increase in protein yield compared to wildtype and commercially optimized sequences.

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