Prostacyclin Analog Promotes Human Dental Pulp Cell Migration via a Matrix Metalloproteinase 9-related Pathway.

A new interesting article has been published in J Endod. 2019 May 17. pii: S0099-2399(19)30260-2. doi: 10.1016/j.joen.2019.03.020. and titled:

Prostacyclin Analog Promotes Human Dental Pulp Cell Migration via a Matrix Metalloproteinase 9-related Pathway.

Authors of this article are:

Seang S, Pavasant P, Everts V, Limjeerajarus CN.

A summary of the article is shown below:

INTRODUCTION: During dental pulp healing, progenitor cells migrate to the injured site. This study investigated the effect of iloprost (an exogenous prostacyclin [PGI2]) on enhancing human dental pulp cell (HDPC) migration and its underlying mechanism.METHODS: HDPC migration was analyzed using a wound scratch assay. HDPCs were obtained from extracted teeth and cultured in the presence of iloprost for 24 and 72 hours. Immunofluorescent staining for matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9), quantitative polymerase chain reaction gene expression analysis, gelatin zymography, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay of MMP-9 expression were performed. A PGI2 (IP) antagonist, protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor, and MMP-9 inhibitor were used to inhibit the IP receptor, PKA signaling pathway, and MMP-9 activity, respectively.RESULTS: A mechanically applied scratch in HDPC cultures closed more rapidly in the presence of iloprost. This result coincided with increased MMP-9 messenger RNA and protein expression and higher gelatinase activity. These iloprost-enhanced effects were inhibited by an IP receptor antagonist or a PKA inhibitor. Forskolin, a PKA activator, increased MMP-9 expression concomitant with increased migration. The application of a selective MMP-9 inhibitor resulted in decreased iloprost-induced migration.CONCLUSIONS: MMPs play an important role in cell migration by degrading components of the extracellular matrix. In this study, iloprost accelerated HDPC migration in a wound scratch assay. MMP-9 expression was increased concomitantly by iloprost and appeared to be mediated by the IP-PKA pathway. These observations suggest that iloprost may enhance dental pulp tissue healing by up-regulating MMP-9. The PGI2 analog might be a promising biomolecule in dental pulp regenerative treatment.Copyright © 2019 American Association of Endodontists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Check out the article’s website on Pubmed for more information:

This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Cell migration; dental pulp; iloprost; matrix metalloproteinase 9; prostacyclin analog; wound healing.

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