Targeting IDH1 as a pro-senescent therapy in high-grade serous ovarian cancer.

A new interesting article has been published in Mol Cancer Res. 2019 May 20. pii: molcanres.1233.2018. doi: 10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-18-1233. and titled:

Targeting IDH1 as a pro-senescent therapy in high-grade serous ovarian cancer.

Authors of this article are:

Dahl ES, Buj R, Leon KE, Newell JM, Imamura Y, Bitler BG, Snyder NW, Aird KM.

A summary of the article is shown below:

Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the deadliest gynecological cancer. High-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC) is the most frequently diagnosed and lethal histosubtype of EOC. A significant proportion of HGSC patients relapse with chemoresistant disease. Therefore, there is an urgent need for novel therapeutic strategies for HGSC. Metabolic reprogramming is a hallmark of cancer cells, and targeting metabolism for cancer therapy may be beneficial. Here, we found that in comparison to normal fallopian tube epithelial cells, HGSC cells preferentially utilize glucose in the TCA cycle and not for aerobic glycolysis. This correlated with universally increased TCA cycle enzyme expression in HGSC cells under adherent conditions. HGSC disseminates as tumor cell spheroids within the peritoneal cavity. We found that wildtype isocitrate dehydrogenase I (IDH1) is the only TCA cycle enzyme upregulated in both adherent and spheroid conditions and is associated with reduced progression-free survival. IDH1 protein expression is also increased in primary HGSC patient tumors. Pharmacological inhibition or knockdown of IDH1 decreased proliferation of multiple HGSC cell lines by inducing senescence. Mechanistically, suppression of IDH1 increased the repressive histone mark H3K9me2 at multiple E2F target gene loci, which led to decreased expression of these genes. Altogether, these data suggest that increased IDH1 activity is an important metabolic adaptation in HGSC and that targeting wildtype IDH1 in HGSC alters the repressive histone epigenetic landscape to induce senescence. Implications: Inhibition of IDH1 may act as a novel therapeutic approach to alter both the metabolism and epigenetics of HGSC as a pro-senescent therapy.Copyright ©2019, American Association for Cancer Research.

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