Yunpi Heluo decoction attenuates insulin resistance by regulating liver miR-29a-3p in Zucker diabetic fatty rats.

A new interesting article has been published in J Ethnopharmacol. 2019 May 22:111966. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2019.111966. and titled:

Yunpi Heluo decoction attenuates insulin resistance by regulating liver miR-29a-3p in Zucker diabetic fatty rats.

Authors of this article are:

Mao ZJ, Weng SY, Lin M, Chai KF.

A summary of the article is shown below:

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Yunpiheluo (YPHL) decoction is a Chinese herbal formula with unique advantages for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The aim of the present study was to investigate changes in miRNA expression and downstream gene expression in Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats treated with YPHL to determine whether YPHL could be used as an adjuvant treatment of T2DM.METHODS: Serum and liver total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerides (TG) levels, insulin resistance index (IR) and differentially expressed miRNAs were detected in a T2DM ZDF rat model. miRNA target prediction was based on bioinformatic algorithms and dual luciferase reporter assay. Protein expression of genes in the insulin receptor signaling pathway was detected by Western blot. The IR cell model was established and the effects of lyophilized YPHL powder on the protein expressions were observed by transfecting specific miRNA mimics and inhibitors.RESULTS: The miR-29a-3p expression level was significantly increased in the liver of ZDF rats. Insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS1) was the target gene of miR-29a-3p. IRS1 mRNA and protein expressions of IRS1, IRS1 (phospho S307), protein kinase B (Akt), Akt (phosphor ser473) and pyruvate dehydrogenase lipoamide kinase isozyme 1 (PDK1) were decreased significantly. miR-29a-3p over-expression decrease IRS1 and the others protein expressions in the HepG2 IR cell model while anti-miR-29a-3p showed the opposite result. The miR-29a-3p level was decreased, and the expressions of IRS1 mRNA and the above proteins were all increased after YPHL treatment.CONCLUSION: miR-29a-3p played a functional role in insulin receptor signaling in the liver of ZDF rats. YPHL decoction attenuated IR in T2DM probably by down-regulating or maintaining the miR-29a-3p level, increasing the expression of IRS1 mRNA and its phosphorylated proteins, and regulating the expression of insulin receptor signaling-related proteins. YPHL may prove to be an alternative treatment for T2DM.Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier B.V.

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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: IRS1; Insulin receptor signaling pathway; Insulin resistance; Yunpiheluo decoction; miRNA.