The Treatment Role of Cyperus rotundus L. to Triple-negative breast cancer cells.

A new interesting article has been published in Biosci Rep. 2019 May 23. pii: BSR20190502. doi: 10.1042/BSR20190502. and titled:

The Treatment Role of Cyperus rotundus L. to Triple-negative breast cancer cells.

Authors of this article are:

Kai WF, Xiang S, Shuang MS, Yu LC, Hui SX, Zhao WX, Yun LZ, Dong L, Yong YZ.

A summary of the article is shown below:

Cyperus rotundus L. is widely used in Traditional Chinese Medicine and studies have reported its anticancer effect, but its chemical composition and therapy mechanism remains unknown. This research aims to analyze the chemical components of the ethanol extract of Cyperus rotundus L. (EECR), detect its treatment effects on human Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells, and elucidate possible therapy mechanisms. The chemical components of EECR were detected by the Waters UPLC combined with Bruker Q-TOF mass spectrometer (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS). The phytochemical compounds were identified by comparing the mass fragmentations of each metabolite with databases such as METLIN, HMDB, and NCBI. Totally 21 compounds were identified in EECR. MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-468 cells were treated with various concentrations of EECR. Cell proliferation was examined using CCK-8 and colony formation assays. Cell apoptosis and cell cycle were detected by flow cytometry. Apoptosis- and autophagy-related protein expression was detected by western blot. EECR inhibits the proliferation of TNBC cells (MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-468) in a dose-dependent manner, which may be related to the arrest of cell cycle in G0/G1 phase. It induces apoptosis by promoting the expression of BAX and inhibiting the expression of BCL-2. In addition, autophagy inhibiter 3-MA inhibited TNBC cells pro-survival autophagy and increased the sensitivity of EECR. The present results demonstrated that EECR has potential effects on inhibits the proliferation and induction apoptosis in TNBC.©2019 The Author(s).

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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Apoptosis; Autophagy; Cyperus rotundus L.; Triple-negative breast cancer.