TNF-α/calreticulin dual signaling induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation associated with HuR nucleocytoplasmic shuttling in rheumatoid arthritis.

A new interesting article has been published in Inflamm Res. 2019 May 22. doi: 10.1007/s00011-019-01244-w. and titled:

TNF-α/calreticulin dual signaling induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation associated with HuR nucleocytoplasmic shuttling in rheumatoid arthritis.

Authors of this article are:

Liu Y, Wei W, Wang Y, Wan C, Bai Y, Sun X, Ma J, Zheng F.

A summary of the article is shown below:

OBJECTIVE: The present study was undertaken to validate whether TNF-α and calreticulin (CRT) serve as dual signaling to activate nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-, leucine-rich repeat- and pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) and HUVECs. The effect of human antigen R (HuR) in NLRP3 inflammasome activation was also explored in RA FLS.METHODS: Immunofluorescence was used to determine the expression of NLRP3 and adaptor protein apoptosis associated speck-like protein containing a CARD (ASC) in RA synovial tissue and HuR location in RA FLS. Western blot and quantitative real-time PCR were employed to measure the priming effect of NLRP3 inflammasome in cells and HuR expression in synovial tissue. The concentrations of IL-1β and IL-18 were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Immunohistochemistry was used to visualize the expression of HuR in synovial tissue. HuR knockdown in RA FLS was achieved by siRNA-mediated gene silencing.RESULTS: Higher expression of NLRP3 and ASC in RA synovial tissue than those in osteoarthritis was detected. The staining of NLRP3, ASC and cleaved IL-1β were observed in FLS and vascular endothelial cells in RA synovium. Expression of NLRP3 and pro-IL-1β in RA FLS and HUVECs treated with TNF-α was increased. The pro-IL-18 expression was also enhanced in HUVECs, but not in RA FLS. TNF-α/CRT dual stimulation of cells gave rise to caspase-1 p20 expression and the secretion of IL-1β. The secreted IL-18 was also elevated in HUVECs but not in RA FLS. HuR expression was significantly elevated in RA synovial tissue. TNF-α initiated the nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of HuR in both FLS and HUVECs. The knockdown of HuR in FLS incubated with TNF-α led to reduced caspase-1 p20 protein expression and further resulted in decreased secretion of IL-1β in the presence of CRT.CONCLUSIONS: TNF-α/CRT dual signaling induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation, which could be suppressed by HuR knockdown presumably due to the block of HuR translocating from nucleus to cytoplasma.

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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: Calreticulin; Fibroblast-like synoviocytes; Human antigen R; NLRP3 inflammasome; Rheumatoid arthritis; Tumor necrosis factor-α.