Contribution of microglial reaction to increased nociceptive responses in high-fat-diet (HFD)-induced obesity in male mice.
Authors of this article are:
Liang YJ, Feng SY, Qi YP, Li K, Jin ZR, Jing HB, Liu LY, Cai J, Xing GG, Fu KY.
A summary of the article is shown below:
The progressive increase in the prevalence of obesity in the population can result in increased healthcare costs and demands. Recent studies have revealed a positive correlation between pain and obesity, although the underlying mechanisms still remain unknown. Here, we aimed to clarify the role of microglia in altered pain behaviors induced by high-fat diet (HFD) in male mice. We found that C57BL/6CR mice on HFD exhibited enhanced spinal microglial reaction (increased cell number and up-regulated expression of p-p38 and CD16/32), increased tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) mRNA and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) protein expression as well as a polarization of spinal microglial toward a pro-inflammatory phenotype. Moreover, we found that using PLX3397 (a selective colony-stimulating factor-1 receptor (CSF1R) kinase inhibitor) to eliminate microglia in HFD-induced obesity mice, inflammation in the spinal cord was rescued, as was abnormal pain hypersensitivity. Intrathecal injection of Mac-1-saporin (a saporin-conjugated anti-mac1 antibody) resulted in a decreased number of microglia and attenuated both mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia in HFD-fed mice. These results indicate that the pro-inflammatory functions of spinal microglia have a special relevance to abnormal pain hypersensitivity in HFD-induced obesity mice. In conclusion, our data suggest that HFD induces a classical reaction of microglia, characterized by an enhanced phosphorylation of p-38 and increased CD16/32 expression, which may in part contribute to increased nociceptive responses in HFD-induced obesity mice.Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Inc.
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This article is a good source of information and a good way to become familiar with topics such as: High-fat diet; Inflammation; Microglia; Obesity; Pain hypersensitivity; Spinal cord.